sábado, 26 de noviembre de 2016

Donald Trump calls Fidel Castro 'brutal dictator'

Cuba's former leader Fidel Castro was a "brutal dictator", US President-elect Donald Trump has said, hours after the 90-year-old's death was announced.

Mr Trump, who takes office in January, said he hoped Cubans could move towards a freer future.

Castro came to power in 1959 and ushered in a Communist revolution. He defied the US for decades, surviving many assassination plots.

Supporters said he returned Cuba to the people. Critics called him a dictator.

His brother Raul, who succeeded him as president, announced his death on state television on Friday night.

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A hero and a tyrant - obituary

His life in pictures

A revolutionary at home and abroad

"While Cuba remains a totalitarian island, it is my hope that today marks a move away from the horrors endured for too long, and toward a future in which the wonderful Cuban people finally live in the freedom they so richly deserve," Mr Trump said in a statement.

Under Barack Obama, the US-Cuba relationship warmed and diplomatic ties were restored in 2015 after decades of tension.

Mr Trump roundly criticised the policy on the campaign trail but made no mention of his pledge to reverse it in his statement, saying his administration would do all it could to ensure Cubans could "begin their journey toward prosperity and liberty".

Mr Obama, meanwhile, said history would "record and judge the enormous impact" of Castro. America was extending "a hand of friendship to the Cuban people" at this time, he added.

Castro was the longest serving non-royal leader of the 20th Century. He had been retired from political life for several years, after handing power to his brother in 2006 because of illness.

He will be cremated later on Saturday and a period of official mourning has been declared on the island until 4 December, when his ashes will be laid to rest in the south-eastern city of Santiago.

News of his death left some in Havana stunned. "I always said it couldn't be," said one woman, a government employee. "Even though they said it now, I say it can't be."

But Cuban dissident group Ladies in White, which was founded by wives of jailed dissidents, tweeted: "May God forgive him, I won't".

In Miami, where there is a large Cuban community, there have been celebrations in some parts of the city, with people banging pots and cheering.

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Divisive legacy captivates world media

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How he defied the US

Throughout the Cold War, Fidel Castro was a thorn in Washington's side.

An accomplished tactician on the battlefield, he and his small army of guerrillas overthrew the military leader Fulgencio Batista in 1959 to widespread popular support.

Within two years of taking power, he declared the revolution to be Marxist-Leninist in nature and allied the island nation firmly to the Soviet Union.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Castro in the mid-1950s with another leading revolutionary - Che Guevara
Image copyright AP
Image caption Years on he would meet Pope John Paul II, despite declaring Cuba an atheist state

Despite the constant threat of a US invasion as well as the long-standing economic embargo on the island, Castro managed to maintain a communist revolution in a nation just 90 miles (145km) off the coast of Florida.

Despised by his critics as much as he was revered by his followers, he maintained his rule through 10 US presidents and survived scores of attempts on his life by the CIA.

He established a one-party state, with hundreds of supporters of the Batista government executed. Political opponents have been imprisoned, the independent media suppressed. Thousands of Cubans have fled into exile.

How has the world reacted?

Many world leaders have paid tribute to Castro. Russian President Vladimir Putin described him as a "reliable and sincere friend" of Russia, while Chinese President Xi Jinping said his people had "lost a good and true comrade".

Fidel Castro (1926-2016)

The former Cuban president has died aged 90 - his dramatic life makes his longevity all the more surprising

  • 80 rebels landed with him on Cuba to launch the revolution

  • 32 was his age when he came to power, toppling Fulgencio Batista

  • 49 years as Cuban president, a record for a non-royal leader

  • 638 assassination attempts he reportedly survived


The Soviet Union's last leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, said: "Fidel stood up and strengthened his country during the harshest American blockade, when there was colossal pressure on him."

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon acknowledged advances in education, literary and health under Castro, but said he hoped Cuba would "continue to advance on a path of reform, greater prosperity and human rights".

Pope Francis, who met Castro, an atheist, when he visited Cuba in 2015, called his death "sad news".

In Venezuela, Cuba's main regional ally, President Nicolas Maduro said "revolutionaries of the world must follow his legacy".

Fidel Castro's key dates

Media captionIn April, Castro made a rare appearance at Cuba's Communist Party congress
  • 1926: Born in the south-eastern Oriente Province of Cuba
  • 1953: Imprisoned after leading an unsuccessful rising against Batista's regime
  • 1955: Released from prison under an amnesty deal
  • 1956: With Che Guevara, begins a guerrilla war against the government
  • 1959: Defeats Batista, sworn in as prime minister of Cuba
  • 1961: Fights off CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion by Cuban exiles
  • 1962: Sparks Cuban missile crisis by agreeing that USSR can deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba
  • 1976: Elected president by Cuba's National Assembly
  • 1992: Reaches an agreement with US over Cuban refugees
  • 2006: Hands over reins to brother Raul due to health issues, stands down as president two years later

Cuba's revolutionary leader

Source: BBC

martes, 22 de noviembre de 2016

Estado ecuatoriano obligado a reparar integralmente a los hermanos Isaías Dassum

El canciller ecuatoriano Guillaume Long dijo, el 13 de junio , que el Comité de Derechos Humanos de la Naciones Unidas había fallado en contra de los hermanos Isaías Dassum. La verdad ha sido otra. El el abogado Jorge Zavala Egas la explicó y la sustentó así: el Comité de Derechos Humanos de la Naciones Unidas condena al Estado ecuatoriano, tras 8 años, por la vulneración de los derechos constitucionales de los hermanos Roberto y William Isaías Dassum. "Esa es la verdad".

Según Zavala, la vulneración se dio con el Mandato Constituyente No. 13, de la Asamblea Constituyente de Montecristi, por el cual frustró la tutela judicial efectiva de los hermanos Isaías Dassum de todos los procesos de incautaciones que sufrieron.

En consecuencia, se obliga al Estado ecuatoriano a dar una plena reparación integral a los hermanos Isaías Dassum. Y esa reparación que ordena el Comité de Derechos Humanos de la Naciones Unidas es una reparación económica, jurídica y moral. "Eso ordena la ONU al Ecuador", apostilló.

Además, le pide al Ecuador que en 180 días le informe de los actos y acciones ejecutadas por el Estado ecuatoriano para reparar esos derechos.

Para Zavala se ha querido distorsionar la verdad desde la Cancillería. "Entiendo -dijo- que no ha sido obra del canciller, sino de abogados irresponsables que han querido acomodar con verdades a medias, con transcripciones cortas el fallo, queriendo dar la impresión de que el Ecuador no ha sido condenado por las Naciones Unidas, y que más bien los hermanos Isaías Dassum son los que han perdido".

Zavala leyó de manera textual parte de la condena: "...punto 8. El Comité de Derechos Humanos...dictamina que el Estado parte (El Ecuador), violó, violó, violó, el derecho de los autores (los hermanos Isaías Dassum) bajo el artículo 14.1 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos a un proceso de las debidas garantías en la determinación de sus derechos y obligaciones".

Y eso implica -según Zavala- devolución de todos los bienes confiscados que no hayan sido vendidos o cedidos, la indemnización por equivalentes de todos aquellos bienes que hayan sido cedidos o vendidos, y finalmente la reparación moral , que es la publicación del fallo para que el continente americano y el mundo sepan en qué consistieron las vulneraciones a los derechos constitucionales de los hermanos Isaías Dassum.

El monto al que ascendería las reparaciones económicas rondarían los 1.000 de dólares, de acuerdo a Zavala.

Grupo Isaías - Roberto Isaías

Isaías vs. Ecuador: Se hizo justicia

En junio de 2016, el Comité de Derechos Humanos de la O.N.U. falló a favor de los empresarios Isaías. Afirmó que se habían violado los derechos humanos de Roberto y William Isaías y que manifi estamente "se violó el debido proceso", haciendo caso omiso de sus derechos de apelación y otros. El Comité dictaminó que el gobierno del Ecuador restaure los derechos de Roberto y William Isaías y devuelva todos los activos arbitraria e injustamente incautados a toda la familia. Este libro recoge la historia de una reclamación legal, que puede inspirar a muchos otros afectados a demandar al gobierno del Ecuador por arbitrariedades y abusos parecidos.